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Abbreviations and Acronyms

Practice Variation in Cesarean Rates: Not Due to Maternal Complications
This brief but well-referenced post analyzes cesarean rates relative to differences in maternal diagnoses or pregnancy complexity. On average, the likelihood of cesarean delivery for an individual woman varied between 19 and 48 percent across hospitals.”

Birth attendants often claim that their high cesarean rate is due to their clientele - that they provide care for a lot of high-risk clients.  This analysis shows that:

    Among lower risk women, likelihood of cesarean delivery varied between 8 and 32 percent across hospitals.
    Among higher risk women, likelihood of cesarean delivery varied between 56 and 92 percent across hospitals.
    Hospital variability did not decrease after adjusting for patient diagnoses, socio-demographics, and hospital characteristics.

This shows that practice variation in cesarean rates is real, substantive, and not just a reflection of the mother’s risk level.

Tips for Choosing a Care Provider - great overview! from Henci Goer

 
'a before
AAT auscultated acceleration test
aa of each
ac before meals
abd abdomen
ABC alternative birth center
accel acceleration of fetal heart rate (FHR)
ad lib as desired
aq water
AFP alpha fetoprotein (test)
AMA against medical advice
AROM artificial rupture of (fetal) membranes
bid two times per day
bl baseline
bm bowel movement
bmr basal metabolic rate
bow bag of waters
bbow bulging bag of waters
bbv beat to beat variability (FHR)
bp blood pressure
bpm beats per minute
br breech
BV bacterial vaginosis
'c with
C Celsius
CBC complete blood count
cc chief complaint
cc cubic centimeter
CMV cytomegalovirus
CM certified midwife
CNS central nervous system
C0 2 carbon dioxide
c/o complains of
CPD cephalopelvic disproportion
CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation
C/S cesarean section
CST contraction stress test
CVA cerebrovascular anomaly
CVA costovertebral angle
CX cervix
D&C dilation and curettage
dc discontinue
decels deceleration of FHT
DEM direct entry midwife
DIC disseminated intravascular coagulation
dil dilation
DM diabetes mellitus
DNKA Did not keep appointment
DPT diphtheria-pertussis-tetanus
dr dram
DTR deep tendon reflex
DX diagnosis
EBL estimated blood loss
EDD estimated due date
EDB estimated date of birth
ENT ear-nose-throat
eff effacement
EFM electronic fetal monitor
EFW estimated fetal weight
EGA estimated gestational age
epis episiotomy
ext extract
F Fahrenheit
FB finger breadths 
FHT fetal heart tones
FHR fetal heart rate
FM fetal movement
FMC fetal movement count
FUO fever of unknown origins
G gravida
GC gonorrhea culture
GFT or GTT? drops
GI gastrointestinal
GTT glucose tolerance test
GU genitourinary
GYN gynecology
H hour
Hb or HGB hemoglobin
HCT hematocrit
Hx history
h.s. at bedtime (hora somnii)
IM intramuscular
IUP intrauterine pregnancy
I & O in and out
inf. infusion
IUD intrauterine device
IUFD intrauterine fetal death
IUGR intrauterine growth retardation
L left
LB lb pound
LBW low birth weight
LDEM licensed direct entry midwife
LGA large for gestational age
LM licensed midwife
LMA left mentum anterior
LMP last menstrual period
LMP left mentum posterior
LMT left mentum transverse
LNMP last normal menstrual period
LOA left occipital anterior
LOP left occipital posterior
LOT left occipital transverse
L/S lecithin/sphingomyelin ratio
LSA left sacrum anterior
LSP left sacrum posterior
LST left sacrum transverse
mec meconium
mec st meconium staining
Meth methergine
MTLP metabolic toxemia of late pregnancy
multip multipara
MW midwife
mcg microgram
mg milligram
ml milliliter
neg negative
NGU nongonococcal urethritis
NKA none known about
NKA no known allergies
NKDA No known drug allergy.
NPO nothing by mouth
N/R nonreactive
NST nonstress test
NSVB normal spontaneous vaginal birth
N/V nausea/vomiting
02 oxygen
OA occiput anterior
OB obstetrics/obstetrician
OCT oxytocin challenge test
OOP out of the pelvis
OP occiput posterior
Oz ounce
os opening
OTC over the counter
'p after
PERLA pupils equal and reactive to light, asymmetrical
PERRLA pupils equal, round, react to light, accommodation
PPhem postpartum hemorrhage
P para
P pulse
PAP Papanicolaou smear
'pc after meal
Ped pediatrician/pediatrics
PID pelvic inflammatory disease
PIH pregnancy induced hypertension
Pit pitocin
PKU phenylketonuria
pos positive
p.r.n. as needed
po by mouth
premie premature infant
primip primipara
PROM premature rupture of the (fetal) membranes
PROM prolonged rupture of the (fetal) membranes
PTT partial thromboplastin test
QOD every other day
q every
q.d. every day
q.h. every hour
q 2h every 2 hours
qid four times per day
q.s quantity sufficient 
q.v. as much
R right
RBC red blood cell (count)
RDA recommended daily allowance
RDS respiratory distress syndrome
RMA right mentum anterior
RMP right mentum posterior
RMT right mentum transverse
RSA right sacrum anterior
R/O rule out
ROM rupture of (fetal) membranes
ROP right occiput posterior
ROT right occiput transverse
ROS review of symptoms
RPR rapid plasma reagin (syphilis test)
Rx treatment
SAB spontaneous abortion (miscarriage)
's without
Sig write
SGA small for gestational age
SIDS sudden infant death syndrome
SOAP subjective, objective, analysis, plan
S.O.S single dose only
SROM spontaneous rupture of (the fetal) membranes
St stage
sta station
STD sexually transmitted disease
Sp gr specific gravity
s.s. one half
stat immediately
Sx symptom
S>D size is greater than dates
S<D size is small for dates
TAB therapeutic abortion
TC telephone conversation
t.i.d. three time a day
TOP termination of pregnancy
TORCH toxoplasmosis, other, rubella, cytomegalovirus, herpes
TPR temperature, pulse, respirations
TSS toxic shock syndrome
u/a urinalysis
U unit
UC uterine contractions
U/S ultrasound
UTI urinary tract infection
VBAC vaginal birth after cesarean section
V.S. vital signs
VDRL venereal disease research lab
VE vacuum extractor
VTX vertex
WBC white blood cells
WIC women, infants and children
WNL within normal limits
Wt weight
@ at
X times
< less than
> greater than
arrow up increase
arrow down decrease
+ positive
- negative
= equal




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