The gentlebirth.org website is provided courtesy of
Ronnie Falcao, LM MS, a homebirth midwife in Mountain View, CA


Online and Offline sources of information

Easy Steps to a Safer Pregnancy - View e-book or Download PDF - FREE!
An interactive resource for moms on easy steps they can take to reduce exposure to chemical toxins during pregnancy.

Other excellent resources about avoiding toxins during pregnancy

These are easy to read and understand and are beautifully presented.

See also:

Subsections on this page:

Book Review - How to Find Medical Information on the Internet: A Print and Online Tutorial for the Healthcare Professional and Consumer [Medscape registration is free.]

Dangerous Spin Doctors: 7 Steps to Protect Yourself from Deception - A RECENT STUDY in the Journal of the American Medical Association found over 40 percent of the best designed, peer-reviewed scientific papers published in the world’s top medical journals misrepresented the actual findings of the research.(i) The “spin doctors” writing the papers found a way to show treatments worked, when, in fact, they didn’t.

Free Access to Life Sciences Information

Medical papers available free on internet By Andrew Jack [1/10/07]

Scientific publishing embarked on a revolution yesterday as more than 500,000 medical research papers became available free on the internet.

UK PubMed Central (UKPMC) - Based on PubMed Central (PMC), the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) free digital archive of biomedical and life sciences journal literature, UK PubMed Central (UKPMC) provides a stable, permanent, and free-to-access online digital archive of full-text, peer-reviewed research publications.

The Cochrane Collaboration


Understanding Evidence-based Healthcare - This web course has been created by the United States Cochrane Center as part of a project undertaken by Consumers United for Evidence- based Healthcare (CUE), and is designed to help consumer advocates understand the fundamentals of evidence-based healthcare concepts and skills. Registration is open and free of charge.

A Guide to Effective Care in Pregnancy and Childbirth is an overview of results of the best available research about effects of specific maternity practices. The full text of the current edition (Oxford University Press, 2000) is available on this website courtesy of the authors: Murray Enkin, Marc J.N.C. Keirse, James Neilson, Caroline Crowther, Lelia Duley, Ellen Hodnett and Justus Hofmeyr. A separate page provides information about this Guide.  THANK YOU!!!

Childbirth Connections makes the entire book available online.  THANK YOU!

The Cochrane Collaboration, an international not-for-profit organization, providing up-to-date information about the effects of health care.

The Cochrane Collaboration provides the highest quality of information available.  Many midwives refer often to "The Midwife's Bible", i.e.

Their online collections of reviews include a section on Pregnancy and Childbirth and another on Neonatal.

Residents in a number of countries can access The Cochrane Library for free through a ‘national provision’.  Why doesn't the U.S. fund access for its citizens?

Another source

Cochrane summaries:
(1) beneficial forms of care;
(2) forms of' care that are likely to be beneficial;
(3) forms of care with a trade off between beneficial and adverse effects;
(4) forms of care of unknown effectiveness;
(5) forms of care that are unlikely to be beneficial;
(6) forms of care that are likely to be ineffective or harmful.

Other Evidence-Based Medicine Guides

Transforming Maternity Care - One Stop Shopping for Maternity Care Quality Information and Resources
For the first time, those involved in maternity care system improvement have a single resource to find information, resources, data, and inspiration.

Promoting Evidence-Based  Midwifery Practices [Gail Hart]

MCDG List Resources from The College of Family Physicians of Canada

TRIP - Turning Research Into Practice - "the Internet's leading resources for Evidence-Based Medicine"

CMQCC - California Maternal Quality Care Collaborative

The U.S. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality  offers reports on Evidence-based Practice

Meta Search Engines

The Department of Health and Human Services has a nice search engine that returns results from U.S. government sites, including the CDC.

The TRIP Database has evolved into a sophisticated tool for locating the highest possible evidence with which to inform clinical decisions. This section will highlight the methods used in the TRIP Database from 'Content Identification' through to 'Results Display'. In addition we will briefly discuss the other main clinical content on the site.  Read more about The TRIP Process, a great summary of available evidence-based medicine reviews.


Thin Air Media has produced a couple of excellent learning tools for parents:
BIRTH: A one-hour documentary about the practices and perceptions of birth in America.
BORN: An hour-long audio journey exploring the postpartum experience in contemporary American life.
Podcasts from La Leche League International
Motherwear's Breastfeeding Blog Podcasts


Women in Charge-- a birth blog project of Wisewoman Childbirth (Maria Iorillo, midwife, San Francisco)

Midwife Thinking - My aim is to use this blog to stimulate thinking and share knowledge, evidence and views on birth and midwifery.(Rachel Reed, independent midwife, educator and birth nerd, Queensland, Australia)

Normal Care for Normal Birth by 2020 - Questioning the use of interventionist obstetrics as the standard of care in the US for healthy women with normal pregnancies, Exploring the physiological management of normal birth by midwives and physicians, Integrating the principles of physiological management with the best advances in obstetrical medicine to create a single, evidence-based standard for healthy women (Faith Gibson, midwife, Palo Alto, CA)

Email Lists


sagefemmes - used to be the Alaska Midwives List

Radical Midwives of America

midwifery-research - A forum for discussion on midwifery and reproductive health research


Many journals offer e-mail distribution of the table of contents for each new issue.

Medscape offers some excellent Resources Centers for Pregnancy and Women's Sexual Health

YouTube Videos

Exploring Birth Options by homechildbirth's channel - This series explores a common range of questions about natural child birth at home through the experiences of a number of birth mothers and fathers, including two M.D.s.

Debunking Midwifery Myths by homechildbirth's channel

About Online Resources

A Guide to Reviewing Published Evidence for Use in Health Impact Assessment - A 12 page Guide, with interactive hyperlinks provides a step-by-step framework to assist practitioners in reviewing literature for use in a health impact assessment (HIA).

Understanding Evidence-based Healthcare - This web course has been created by the United States Cochrane Center as part of a project undertaken by Consumers United for Evidence- based Healthcare (CUE), and is designed to help consumer advocates understand the fundamentals of evidence-based healthcare concepts and skills. Registration is open and free of charge.

Expertise online, Finding reliable information - Consumer Reports rates leading health web sites, Sept., 2005 [You must pay to subscribe to Consumer Reports Online.]

The U.S. National Library of Medicine of the National Institutes of Health offers some valuable resources:

Through the Information Maze, the National Childbirth Trust's guide to research-based information on pregnancy, childbirth and postnatal care.

Whether you are a midwife, other health professional, a parent-to-be, this site will help you find reliable, balanced and up-to-date information.

There is a vast amount of information available about pregnancy and childbirth, but it is not always possible to know whether it has been properly researched before publication. Through the Information Maze will help you make sensible, safe and informed choices.

Internet Training Seminar - A very nice introduction to using the Internet as a tool for the health care practitioner. " . . . it behooves physicians to become familiar with the use of the Internet."

Using the Internet Effectively module (from University of Florida) will teach you about the Internet, email, news groups, search engines, and rules of the road.  This interactive module ends with a list of Internet Resources for Family Physicians

Critical Appraisal of the Literature - One of the essential skills needed to maintain competence, to provide patients with the best possible care, and to do more good than harm is the ability to critically appraise the literature.

Teach yourself statistics [from the BMJ]

Medical Miracles or Misguided Media?- News reports are filled with the latest breakthroughs, but they are often exaggerated by inexperienced reporters, overeager editors and self-interested scientists.

Online Midwifery/Birth Resources

Midwives' Wisdom: selected archives from the UK Midwifery Discussion List, on many pregnancy and birth topics.

Virtual Midwifery Library - another great UK site

MIDIRS (Midwives Information and Resource Service) is an educational charity set up in 1985 and our mission is 'To be the central source of information relating to childbirth and to disseminate this information to midwives and others.  An example of a search is available so you can
see the quality of information you will receive.

California Maternal Quality Care Collaborative (CMQCC)

ObGynLinx - A Comprehensive News Portal for Obstetricians

The Florence Nightingale School of Nursing and Midwifery

Maternal and Child Health Library - offers electronic resources, including databases, publications, resource lists, web links and the MCH Alert (an electronic newsletter).

The Family Practice Notebook has sections on Maternity Care and Pediatrics.

NAPSAC - The InterNational Association of Parents & Professionals for Safe Alternatives in Childbirth

The Johnson & Johnson Pediatric Instituteis an excellent and very affordable source for education materials (many for free on-line, others for purchase) related to many of the topics related to early infant bonding, infant massage, doulas, and early childhood development.  They often refer to the research done by Kennell and Klaus.

The Coalition for Improving Maternity Services (CIMS) is a coalition of individuals and national organizations with concern for the care and well-being of mothers, babies, and families. Our mission is to promote a wellness model of maternity care that will improve birth outcomes and substantially reduce costs. This evidence-based mother-, baby-, and family-friendly model focuses on prevention and wellness as the alternatives to high-cost screening, diagnosis, and treatment programs.

LaMaze Institute for Normal Birth

The Association of Reproductive Health Professionals (ARHP) was founded by Alan Guttmacher in 1963 - Projects include the development and implementation of clinical conferences, visiting faculty programs, monographs, an international peer-reviewed journal (Contraception), and on-line education. ARHP-sponsored programs and conferences feature the latest research, emerging technologies, hands-on training, and useful information for health care practice.

National Advocates for Pregnant Women (NAPW) - NAPW has a vision of a world where women enjoy full personhood and where neither pregnancy nor drug use serve as an excuse to dehumanize and punish select groups of people.

The World Health Organization (WHO) has some excellent resources on numerous Maternal and Newborn Health Topics, including for Pregnancy, Childbirth and Newborns, including Managing newborn problems: A guide for doctors, nurses and midwives and Pregnancy, childbirth, postpartum and newborn care - a guide for essential practice, Managing Complications in Pregnancy and Childbirth

The Pregnancy Center from the Mayo Clinic

Planned Parenthood

Meta Collections

Complete set of studies in the Primal Health Research databank with an Overview

MedExplorer is a free medical/health related search engine

Links to other Maternity Related sites

Research: Links to More Information from Lamaze International

Great list of medical resources from Australia

Directories and Search Engines for Health Information - a list from the UK

Useful Web Links about  Nursing and Midwifery from the University of Surrey - surrey.ac.uk

Pregnancy and Reproduction Topics from MEDLINEplus Health Information

Pregnancy section from UCSF's Primary Care Clinical Practice Guidelines

The English National Board for Nursing and Midwifery Health care database is now available for you to search for free. visit http:

National Guideline Clearinghouse Disclaimer - The National Guidelines Clearinghouse (NGC) is an Internet Web site intended to make evidence-based clinical practice guidelines and related abstract, summary, and comparison materials widely available to health care professionals

Obstetrics and Gynecology from An Internet Guide for the Health Professional

Obstetrics from Med 411 - A list of online resources.  They also host "The search engine dedicated to the medical profession"

Hardin Meta Directory web page for Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Women's Health

Internet Resources: Women's Health

Dr. Pranikoff's Obstetric Web Library

An annotated bibliography on Development, Behavior, and Psychic Experience in the Prenatal Period and the Consequences for Life History compiled by M. Maiwald - The bibliography contains > 1200 assorted literature references covering prenatal matters including biological, medical and psychological topics which eventually influence later life. An Amazing Site!  [Ed. This title is translated from the German, and I strongly suspect that "Psychic" is meant to be Psychological.]

100+ Essential Online Resources for Midwives by Laura Milligan

Web-only resources written for parents


Your Baby Your Body - A UK site "For women who need to know more"


parentdiary.co.uk - The online community for mums and dads - Start your own parent diary, Chat, Meet friends, Join Groups & Share Tips

A Midwife At Heart

Online Birth Center

Birthing Naturally - written by a childbirth educator and doula "to be a source of information and an exchange of ideas about pregnancy and childbirth."  Includes articles written specifically for parents in an easy-to-read style with great information.  Has a Christian perspective.

Motherstuff, a meta-index of mother-knowledge on the internet.

with woman - http: Lorna Davies in the UK

The National Childbirth Trust - From the UK, this site offers support in pregnancy, childbirth and early parenthood.  They have a separate portal for parents.

Danny Tucker's Pregnancy and Women's Health Information

Nurturing On-Line includes an extensive Library housing a collection of book reviews, parenting articles, Guest articles, Issues Articles, articles by parents and professionals, and the Individuals of Excellence Award.

Ecstatic Birth is a call for a revolution, a revolution in the way we think about birth, and, as a result, the way we give birth.

March of Dimes PUBLIC HEALTH EDUCATION INFORMATION SHEETS - great client handouts.

Web Directories for Pregnancy and Birth at Yahoo

National Guideline Clearinghouse™ (NGC) Links to Patient Resources

Online General Health/Medical Resources

eMedicine.com [lots of information, but also lots of ads!]

National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Sites of Interest to Family Physicians from The College of Family Physicians of Canada

Existing Public Health Information Networks - links provided by The WHO Statistical Information System (WHOSIS)

NHS Direct Online - The UK's National Health Service

The Medical Information Superhighway (list of links at obgyn.net)

The Lancet's collection of sites of biomedical interest.

eTenet Medical Dictionary

Professional Organizations Online

Midwives Alliance of North America (MANA)

North American Registry of Midwives (NARM) - offers The Certified Professional Midwife credential (CPM)

Midwifery Education Accreditation Council’s (MEAC) mission is to promote quality education in midwifery through accreditation.

American College of  Community Midwives

Association of Perinatal Naturopathic Doctors (APND) (mostly Canadian)

The American Association of Naturopathic Midwives (AANM)

American College of Nurse-Midwives (ACNM)

Association of Women's Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses (AWHONN)

American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP)

American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP)

Association for Pre- & Perinatal Psychology & Health (APPPAH)

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG)

Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine

The International Lactation Consultant Association (ILCA) is the professional association for International Board Certified Lactation Consultants (IBCLCs) and other health care professionals who care for breastfeeding families.

Association of Nurse Advocates for Childbirth Solutions (ANACS)

Association of Women's Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses (AWHONN)

British Medical Association (BMA)

Royal College of Obstetricians & Gynaecologists, the UK

Holistic Pediatric Association - The HPA is committed to supporting parents who seek a healing model of health care, helping parents reduce the use of ineffective and harmful drug treatments, and empowering parents to build healthy bodies and spirits in their children.  They also maintain an outstanding hierarchy of articles about raising healthy children, including information about Pregnancy, Birth and Newborn Care as well as Breastfeeding.

The American Association of Birth Centers (AABC, formerly NACC)

National Society of Genetic Counselors

Journal Sites Online

Collections of Journals Links

Free Medical Journals - online articles

LinkOut resources from the National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine

Online listing of dental and medical journals found in PUBmed MEDLINE and Medportal.com Medline

Comprehensive list of nursing journals from nursingcenter.com

Maternal/Child Nursing offers a collection of Online Nursing Journals - tables of contents, abstracts and full-text


Midwifery Today specializes in non-interventive midwifery.  They also offer a free e-mail weekly newsletter, and they're making selected articles from the magazine available online, also.

Journal of Midwifery and Women's Health, journal of the ACNM - (formerly Journal of Nurse-Midwifery) promotes the writing and publication of timely, relevant and provocative literature on and for nurse-midwifery which is consistent with the philosophy, objectives, policies and positions of the American College of Nurse-Midwives.

MIDIRS - The Central Source of Information on Maternity Care and Childbirth
BTW they put out an excellent digest which has full length articles and abstracts from a wide range of sources all related to midwifery. I highly recommend it to fellow midwives. The search service provides a complete list of references and abstracts related to the topic of your choice for a small fee.

The Canadian Journal of Midwifery Research and Practice (CJMRP) - You can subscribe from the U.S. by printing out their subscription form and giving them your credit card number to deal with exchange rate issues.

Birth: Issues in Perinatal Care is a multidisciplinary, refereed journal devoted to issues and practices in the care of childbearing women, infants, and families.

The Annals of Family Medicine

The Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynecology (JPOG) was founded in 1982 in order to provide a scientific forum for gynaecologists, psychiatrists and psychologists as well as for all those who are interested in the psychosocial and psychosomatic aspects of women’s health. Another of its aims is to stimulate obstetricians and gynaecologists to pay more attention to this very important facet of their profession.

MCN, the American Journal of Maternal/Child Nursing

"The Green Journal" - Obstetrics & Gynecology Journal - the Official Publication of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG)

American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (AJOG), "The Gray Journal"

The British Medical Journal (BMJ) is wonderful about providing full-text articles.

British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology

European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology & Reproductive Biology

New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM)

JAMA - Scientific publications, i.e. Journal of the American Medical Association Home Page (AMA)

Canadian Medical Association Journal (CMAJ)

Acta Paediatrica - Swedish journal

The Lancet

Pediatrics -   The official journal of the American Academy of Pediatrics. (AAP)


Journal of Nursing Jocularity

Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing - The official journal of AWHONN

Nature - international weekly journal of science.

Archives of Related Lists

Sci.Med.Midwifery Archives

Alternate Sci.Med.Midwifery Archives

OB-GYN-L Archives

The Archives of Sci.Med.Obgyn

Perinatal Nursing Discussion List - PNATALRN@LISTSERV.ACSU.BUFFALO.EDU - Archives

Lactnet Archives-http:

This Week on Medscape - Weekly Focus on Health Care News - used to be Medscape MedPulse

Medscape - Women's Health section - (CMEs available for some articles - low cost)

Medscape Resource Center - Pregnancy [Medscape registration is free]

Online Medical Dictionary from chrisendres.com

Britain's The National Childbirth Trust (NCT)

Obstetrics and Maternity Care Teaching Materials for Family Medicine - Group on Family Centered Perinatal Care Society of Teachers of Family Medicine -

PrenatalEd is "a resource for prenatal care providers and managed care professionals in health education, patient education, health promotion, maternal infant health and maternity case management. It is an electronic handbook of scientific and practical information on developing and evaluating health related content and materials. PrenatalEd also includes product information on the award winning prenatal health education series Beginnings: A Practical Guide Through Your Pregnancy."

Resource-rich links for Health Educators and other health professionals in their roles as educators

It seems amazing to me that this might be so, but it appears that the entire text of the 25'th Anniversary Edition of Our Bodies, Ourselves is online.  [Note - access to this page was free for a while, but you may now need to subscribe and pay real money.]

They have some wonderful sections on Childbirth, focusing on the politics of different types of care.

They have sections on different places of birth and different types of caregivers.

I especially liked their sections on:

Because of the way these Web pages are set up, there isn't a separate URL for each of the above, but look for them in the Table of Contents.

One of our local childbirth educators had this very valuable critique of "Healthy Mom & Baby" Magazine:

I heard.... that after many letters of complaint to AWHONN's Editors of "Healthy Mom & Baby" Magazine they have stopped their practice of advertising formula...but not bottles - still in violation of the WHO Code.

At least though they do not have that huge 2-full page advertising Similac anymore.

I am still disappointed with a lot of the articles though.... from the article "Lube is for lovin'", the RN, PHD says Petroleum-based products are "safe to use with condoms"...WRONG!  To the "High-Tech Labor" about fetal monitoring it does not give any of evidence-based guidelines or draw-backs "You may need more monitoring if anything unusual is suspected, if you're receiving medications or before or after your bag of waters is broken"....well, that means just about everyone.  "Monitoring is meant to help give you and your baby the best labor and birth outcome possible".

Then comes the article about episiotomy. Again no mention about the evidence.  "Experts will sometimes make a cut, called an episiotomy, to help prevent greater tearing." No comment from me is necessary.

Anyway, I thought that this magazine by AWHONN would be a good one for labor prep classes.....I changed my mind. And it's too bad.  The organization could be doing such a great service.

I must say however there are several pages throughout the magazine about waiting the full 40 and not being induced and gives a website  www.gothefull40.com.  

Integrative Medicine Resources on the Internet

Foundation for Integrated Medicine - Integrated Medicine couples scientific advances with insights of ancient healing systems, thereby producing the best ways to preserve health, increase longevity and speed recovery from illness.

The Association for Integrative Medicine

Integrated Medical Clinic and Ayurveda School - www.dreddyclinic.com

National Center for Complementary an Alternative Medicine

The American  Botanical Council

The Longwood Herbal Task Force (possibly obsolete)

IBIS: Interactive BodyMind Information System

American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology Web Site with educational photos

Various FAQs from MISC.KIDS are available on this site, Fen's Ende, including:

Pregnancy AFP Screen and the Triple Screen
Pre-Pregnancy and Pregnancy Tests
Prenatal Testing - Overview and Personal Stories

ftp to the pub/usenet/misc.kids directory of rtfm.mit.edu or tune in to misc.kids.info.

Free Medical Internet Resources for Practitioners, Nurses, Students and Patients!

Bucking a disturbing trend for professional medical information sites to charge monthly access fees, HealthLink offers world class Practitioner standard medical resources, free for all who wish to learn.

Opened less then 6 weeks ago the site offers the following prestigious Practitioner databases, together with a plethora of search driven resources guaranteed to uncover answers quickly. Major databases available include:

Other facilities include: New users should initially log on at http:

BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS, U.S.A., 1996 FEB 23 (NB) -- SilverPlatter, developer of bibliographic databases, has launched an Internet service called Physicians' Home Page (PHP). SilverPlatter has for the last ten years been supplying online bibliographic databases, but this is the first time for the Internet. A basic membership to PHP is $19.95 per month and the first month is free. To become a Physicians' Home Page member, physicians fill out an online form at http:

CDC Recommends: The Prevention Guidelines System contains up-to-date and archived guidelines and recommendations approved by the CDC for the prevention and control of disease, injuries, and disabilities.

National Resources

Emerging Infectious Diseases Journal (EID)

National Center for Infectious Diseases

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

Healthtouch(TM) - Online for better health at http:

High Risk Situations and Complications in Pregancy, Labor, and Birth at http:

Books & Resources from birthcenters.org

International Pediatric Chat at http:

Mailing Listservs for Nursing & Health Care

Merck and The Merck Manuals -  Explains disorders, who is likely to get them, their symptoms, how they're diagnosed, how they might be prevented, and how they can be treated; also provides information about prognosis.

Merck & Co., Inc., Whitehouse Station, NJ at http:

NURSENET Home Page at http:

Nursing and the Internet- Online Course at http:

NursingNet at http:

ParentTime - Welcome! at http:

The Pediatric Bulletin at http:

The Physician Locator at http:

VirtualNurse: A CyberSpace Nursing Community... at http:

IVA Collections: Journals

Welcome to CDC WONDER on the Web at http: This site allows access into the statistical databases of the CDC.

Welcome to Idea Nurse

Obstetric Issues and Concerns - from an OB nurses' Web pages

Medicine and Anatomy from Ancient Times

Pharmacy References

Pregnancy and Lactation Labeling Final Rule - On December 3, 2014, the FDA published the Content and Format of Labeling for Human Prescription Drug and Biological Products; Requirements for Pregnancy and Lactation Labeling, referred to as the “Pregnancy and Lactation Labeling Rule” (PLLR or final rule).

This web page has a number of very useful links, including:

FDA issues final rule on changes to pregnancy and lactation labeling information for prescription drug and biological products [12/3/14]

Pregnant? Breastfeeding? Better Drug Information Is Coming

PDRHealth - The drug information on PDRhealth is written in lay terms and is based on the FDA-approved drug information found in the PDR

Drugs, Supplements, and Herbal Information from Medline Plus

Access to pdr.net and mobilePDR is free to U.S.-based MDs, DOs, PAs, and NPs in full-time patient practice, and to U.S. medical students and residents.

PDR® Family Guide to Prescription Drugs - for public use

RxList - the Internet Drug Index

Medscape DrugInfo - an online resource similar to the PDR [Medscape registration is free]

Pharmaceutical Companies - a list from nursespdr.com

Pharmacy Times - Practical Information for Today's Pharmacist, including a page on compouding.

Medline Searches

NOTE - Medline is hosted by Medscape, which is supported by advertising.  PubMed is hosted by the NIH, which is supported by government funds.  So, if you want to avoid advertising, stick with PubMed.

Note that both PubMed and Medline use the same identifiers.  Here are some URLs with XXX in the place where you can put the PMID from either to check in the other.

PubMed URL:  http:

Medline URL:  http:

Note that PubMed has the very helpful "Related Articles" feature, but Medline is more likely to have the full text of the article, especially if a commercial entity has an interest in sponsoring the article.

How to Read Articles

Critical Appraisal of the Literature from Medscape

Statistical Questions in Evidence-based Medicine is a book of questions and answers designed to help readers improve their skills in
critical reading of the medical literature and in evaluation of research evidence.

Medline Knowledge Finder at obgyn.net

The Journal of Family Practice has some excellent reviews of many articles.

Medline Searching List of several different medline search engines.

PubMed - Free MedLine at the National Library of Medicine My favorite one - Easy to limit search to specific fields, e.g. author or title.

Search MEDLINE Medscape's entry - easy way to limit years of publication.

Evaluated Medline at BioMedNet Requires free registration. Selected items evaluated by expert reviewers. Links to some fee-based full-text journals. Table of Contents browser back to 1959. Search Engine allows easy limitation of stop and start years for search. Also maintains personal search history.

Medline Knowledge Finder at OBGYN.net

Medline does not give you the actual articles.  There is a mechanism linked to the database that lets you order full text of the articles for a price.  I would advise, however, that you take the citations (your Medline results list) to your local public library, and they can order them on Inter Library Loan for you--usually for free.  Most libraries' Interlibrary loan service for articles means that you get a photocopy of the article, for free, to keep forever!  Your taxes, finally going for something wonderfully useful!

The following are new Internet clinical medicine resources. The criteria for selection and ranking of these resources include their utility for point of care clinical application, quality, and currency. All resources provide unrestricted access to their full content unless otherwise specified. Sites are ranked according to their importance to clinical medicine practice with a maximum score of four stars ****. Sites are reviewed by an editorial board of practicing clinicians.

An archive of "Medical Matrix- What's New" documents is searchable at http: entries are categorized by topic and presented in the Internet clinical medicine database "Medical Matrix" at http: continuously updated and verified.

Unauthorized commercial use or reposting of these documents without acknowledging the authors is prohibited. Permission is granted to copy and distribute these materials provided that readers are referred to the Medical Matrix homepage, http: effort to maintain these documents is based on user surveys.

HealthGate Medline

Free searches sponsored by advertisements. An intuitive interface that offers options for advanced users. Full text delivery is relatively expensive. Moderate enhancements for librarian or advanced searchers.

Medline Database at Community of Science, Inc.

Free searches with advanced features for librarian users such as natural language or fuzzy logic. Users select "new entries" or specific journals abstracts from pick lists in a large table. Tracks queries and offers expansion of searches with medical subject headings. Johns Hopkins.

Medscape Medline Search
Free searches sponsored by advertisers. The query field requires some knowledge of Boolean symbols. Integration with full text articles lends added value. Simple registration and passwording. Full text available by street mail at relatively low cost from the vendor Infotrieve - the basic charge is $8.

Helix Medline Access

Free after completion of a registration form for professionals. Uses the Silverplatter service. Icon driven intuitive interface. Offers thesaurus searches and advanced features such as "suggest synonyms".

Avicenna Medline Access

Free searching after a moderate registration process. Offers simple and advanced searching. Sufficient options for the dedicated searcher such as selection of publication type and date, synonym matching, and medical subject heading expansion.

Knowledge Finder

Free trial period after registration. Handsome interface uses pick lists for fuzzy versus Boolean searching and word variants. Permits natural language queries.

Internet Grateful Med Medline Search

Fee based access from the National Library of Medicine. Concept enabled searching and frontier applications such as help features and intuitive integration of medical subject headings. Complex registration process. Advanced features for librarians and advanced users.

Ovid On Call Medline and Medical Databases

Advanced fee based and institutional interface. Natural language queries, help menus, basic and advanced searching modes, and thesaurus queries. Integrates hyperlinked access to full text databases, Medline, and medical journals with charts, photographs, and graphics. Full text email delivery. Complex registration.

Infotrieve Medline Service Provider*

A fee based service that offers free access to the NLM's Aidsline database. Permits concept searching. Offers searching tips. Fee registration. Permits browsing of the Mesh hierarchies. Competitive street mail document delivery.

MD Answers at SilverPlatter

Icon driven intuitive interface. Offers thesaurus searches and advanced search features including "suggest synonyms". Fee registration. Medline services are integrated with other database services.

Paper Chase Medical Literature Searching

Offers Mesh expansion, intelligent relevance ranking, and selection based on multiple descriptors. Fee transaction based. Full text delivery by an 800 number.

Document Delivery at SilverPlatter

Links to a journal's web based full-text (if available) or abstracts within the search results of Medline. Subscription.

Medical-Specific Search Engine

Another Medical-Specific Search Engine

MD Consult offers FULL-TEXT of most articles published within the last 3 - 4 years, right off the web site! It has a wonderful internal search engine, and features like "What patients are reading " that includes excerpts from popular media and a synopsis of the most recent episode of ER. It also has several textbooks on-line and you can print out relevant chapters as needed.
Anyhow, the url is www.mdconsult.com They do have a ten day free trial. I don't know what an individual subscription costs, but I would guess it to be around $20/month.

Offline Resources

Phone Numbers of Government Agencies related to Women's Health

Midirs Midwifery Digest is a British quarterly journal. The articles come from a wide range of sources. The masthead says they scan 550 journals searching for new information. Some of the information is very British but I find it useful to see the way politics and practice happens in other places. There is also lots of great information on pregnancy, labour and delivery, postnatal and neonatal, trends in childbirth etc. Subscriptions are pricey but worth it. If you belong to a group you might convince them to add it to their library.

The e-mail address for Midirs is midirs@dial.pipex.com The URL for their website is http:

Birth Practices Committee Holds Inaugural Meeting at CIMS Tenth Anniversary Meeting in Boston [founded February 25, 2006] - The mission of the multidisciplinary group is to encourage, conduct, evaluate and disseminate research related to the best practices in birth care for childbearing women and their families in the United States and its territories.

Citizens for Midwifery – the only national consumer-based group promoting the Midwives Model of Care!

Mothering Magazine celebrates the experience of parenthood as worthy of one’s best efforts and fosters awareness of the immense importance and value of parenthood and family life in the development of the full human potential. As a readers’ magazine, we recognize parents as the experts and wish to provide truly helpful information upon which parents can base informed choices.

They maintain a nice index of articles from their archives.

NursingFamilyMagazine - Our goal at Nursing Family Magazine is to bring encouragement, support, enlightenment, information, and empowerment to families everywhere. This is a publication about creating strong family bonds by following your heart! Breastfeeding, baby wearing, co-sleeping, gentle birth, simpler living and more! Celebrate Motherhood!

COCHRANE DATABASE The US distributor is the American College of Physicians. 1-800-523-1546 Cheaper from the Canadian Perinatal Clinical Trials Network ($100 US vs $175 when ordered through the American College of Physicians). contact Corinne Millsip, Canadian Perinatal Clinical Trials Network, DO-705, Hopital St-Francoise d'Assise, 10 Rue de l'Espinay, Quebec (Quebec) GIL 3LS, telephone 418-525-4455, fax 418-525-4481.

Symposia Medicus offers a variety of conferences in obstetrics & gynecology, including one on Fetal Heart Rate Pattern Interpretation. 1299 Newell Hill Pl., #301, Walnut Creek, CA 94596-5220 Phone: 800-327-3161

How to Get Copies of Military Medical/Technical Reports

Non-English-Language Resources

Multi-cultural Educational Services

If you are a health educator or otherwise serve people who speak Russian, Ukrainian, Bosnian, Serbo-Croatian, Farsi, Spanish, Somali, Nuer (Sudanese) Vietnamese, Hmong, Korean, Laotian, Cambodian, or Khmer, Multi-cultural Educational Services has materials that you can use to get important health information to newcomers.

You can see a list of all the booklets and the languages available at http:

You can download a free copy of Safety for Babies and Children Version 4 with Hmong, Lao and Vietnamese Translation at http: (you will need Adobe Acrobat Reader in order to view and print it).

The Center for Applied Linguistics has announced the second edition of the Multilingual Health Education Resource Guide - Health information available in Cambodian, Hmong, Vietnamese, Bosnian, Russian, Haitian/Creole, Arabic and Somali languages. Health topics cover infectious diseases (Tuberculosis, Hepatitis B, and parasites), dental care, and maternal and child health (immunization, breast health, and prenatal care). Price: No cost. Mail or fax your name, organization, title, address, phone number, and fax number to the Refugee Service Center. [Refugee Service Center, Attn: Health Education Materials, Center for Applied Linguistics, 1118 22nd Street NW, Washington, DC 20037, Phone 202-429-9292, Fax 202-659-5641]

Spanish-Language Resources (and some Portuguese)

Spanish Language Sites and Search Engines

Spanish For Midwives & Childbirth Professionals - A basic English/Spanish translation guide to support expectant mothers and families.

OBGYN.net Latina!

Planeta Mamá

Online Spanish Childbirth Information

Su Familia: The National Hispanic Family Health Helpline (1-866-783-2645) is a national helpline that offers consumers free reliable and confidential health information in Spanish and English.

Bright Futures – Guía para las familias - Sugerencias para que los bebés, niños y adolescentes crezcan sanos

The National Alliance for Hispanic Health with Health Fact Sheets about Cuidado prenatal and other helpful topics.

They are also called The National Coalition of Hispanic Health and Human Services Organizations- COSSMHO.

GINE-web - Información online en español sobre salud y bienestar de la mujer ( The spanish online resource for women's health and well-being)

Iniciativa para un Parto Respetuoso con la Madre [Primera Iniciativa de Consenso de la Coalición para la Mejora de los Servicios de Maternidad (CIMS)] [Coalition for Improving Maternity Services (CIMS)] from the Web site of la Programa Materno Infantil del Ministerio de Salud de la Provincia de Buenos Aires


Leila has provided a very nice dictionary/diccionario.

Spanish-language resources from withwomanweb.com including The Midwife & Homebirth / LA PARTERA Y PARTO DOMICILIARIO by Yvonne Lapp Cryns

Nutrición, embarazo y lactancia

Libros embarazo, parto, lactancia, bebés from Planeta Mamá

Todo lo que Una Mujer Quiere Aprender Sobre el Embarazo y los Recién Nacidos Ahora Disponible Electrónicamente y por Teléfono

Portuguese-Language Resources

Informações em ginecologia e obstetrícia - Perguntas e respostas

Breastfeeding - Amamentação

Doulas - Monitora Perinatal

Casa do Porto

Prenatal Care Hotline

Pregnant women will be able to get information about prenatal care nationwide from a new toll-free number 1-800-331-BABY, U.S. health officials said Thursday. Health and Human Services Secretary Donna Shalala said calls will get automatically routed to a woman's state maternal and child health hotline or a Healthy Start prenatal care hotline.

"Every pregnant woman and every newborn baby in America should have the benefit of early medical care and advice," she said. The U.S. infant mortality rate is at a historic low of less than eight deaths per 1,000 live births in 1995, 18 percent lower than 1990. There has also been a 30 percent decline in Sudden Infant Death Syndrome between 1992 and 1995. But Shalala said low birth weight and infant mortality remain serious problems.

Midwifery Libraries

Gail Hart has a library of antique medical books.

If you ever get down to Los Angeles, do yourself a favor and browse the "History of Medicine" collection at USC's Norris Library (on the health science campus in east LA). There is a wonderful book there on the history of ergot......fascinating reading for any birth care giver! Also, the library at Woman's Hospital has bound collections of periodicals going back almost 100 years..........


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